If your introduction and
main body paragraphs are structured correctly, writing conclusions to Task 2
IELTS writing essays is very simple.
This lesson follows on from those on how to write introductions and main body paragraphs so, if you haven’t already studied them, I recommend that you do so now. You’ll find them here:
On this page, you'll
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High-scoring Task 2 IELTS writing essays have a simple 4 part structure:
2) Main Body Paragraph 1
3) Main Body Paragraph 2
Although your conclusion will only be 1 or 2 sentences long, it’s as important as each of the other sections of the essay and you will miss out on valuable marks if you don’t include one.
A good conclusion will:
If you do this well, you’ll improve your score for both task achievement and cohesion and coherence which together make up 50% of the overall marks.
Without a conclusion, you’ll score below band 6 for task achievement.
First, let’s consider what students should not do when writing conclusions to Task 2 IELTS writing essays.
You should not:
Do not add any new information. The purpose of this final paragraph is to summarise what you’ve already said, nothing else.
Many candidates write conclusions that are far too long. A lengthy conclusion isn’t necessary. Also, you won’t have much time left in which to write it, so keep it short. Follow the simple guidelines I’m about to give you.
Another common error is to write a concluding statement about the topic in general. A big mistake. You must be specific. Your conclusion must relate directly to the question and sum up the specific ideas in the main body of your essay.
The ideal conclusion has 1 or 2 sentences:
This second sentence is optional but perfectly acceptable if you do want to add one. It is useful if you find that you’re just below the word limit when you finish your essay and need just one more sentence to get you over the minimum 250 words.
If your essay is already long enough, leave it out as it won’t earn you extra marks. Your time will be better spent checking your grammar and spellings.
Your summary sentence is the one that’s essential, so we’ll begin with this. We’re going to add a conclusion to the essay we worked on in the lessons on writing introductions and main body paragraphs for Task 2 IELTS writing essays.
Here’s the question:
Here are the introduction and main body paragraphs:
The first few words of a summary sentence are extremely
important. The good news is that you can use the same phrase for almost any
Task 2 IELTS writing essay. I recommend that you use:
These cohesive devices do two jobs:
There’s another piece of good news. If you followed my instructions on how to write a good introduction to your essay, your introduction will be a summary of what your essay is going to include.
Since your conclusion is about what the essay did include (your opinion and the main points), all you need to do now is to paraphrase this same information.
Here's the introduction:
Here's the same information formed into a conclusion:
Summary sentence: In conclusion, the significant rise in the average age of people living in rural areas has resulted in a lack of suitable people to fill the workforce and the closure of the majority of village schools, causing hardship to local communities.
Study the way I've used synonyms and a different sentence structure to form this conclusion from the introduction. This really is all you need to do.
Finally, let’s consider the optional prediction or recommendation sentence. What do these two words mean?
Here are examples of each type of sentence that you could use for this Task 2 IELTS writing essay:
Sometimes it will be appropriate to use ‘I predict that…’ or ‘I recommend that…’.
With our conclusion written, the essay is complete. Here is the final version. It is well over the 250 minimum word limit so, no prediction or recommendation sentence is needed.
Learning to write good Task 2 IELTS writing essays takes a lot of practice. Use this lesson and the two on introductions and main body paragraphs to learn the technique, then do as much practice as you can on all five question types.
Take as long to plan and write your essays as you need to at first. Gradually speed up the process until you can finish your essay within the 40 minutes allowed.
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