The IELTS Listening sample test in this lesson will teach you how to answer map and plan labelling questions. These come up regularly in the exam and are particularly common in Section 2.
The subject for plan questions will typically be a tour of a specific building such as a hotel or museum, or the description of a place. In map questions, the speaker will often talk about proposed changes to a location.
Your task is to listen to the recording and identify different areas, features or rooms. You will often be given a list of words from which to choose the correct answers. If no list is given, you will have to identify the answers from the recording.
Many students find these one of the easiest question types to answer because the graphic will contain lots of clues as to the missing words, especially in the labels already present.
So, let’s get started. The lesson includes:
Here are two questions to give you an idea of what to expect. The first IELTS Listening test sample is a map question, whilst the second is a plan question.
Source: Cambridge English past paper
In the recording for this sample question, the chairman of the Highways Committee is explaining the new traffic regulations and parking arrangements proposed for Granford at a public meeting.
Source: Official IELTS website www.ieltsessential.com
For this question, the speaker is the
librarian of a new town library. They are talking to a group of people who are visiting
We’ll be using this second example to practice the strategy and tips I’m about to show you.
You will have a short time to prepare before the speakers begin talking. Use this time to familiarise yourself with the question and focus your mind on what you need to listen out for.
Read the instructions very carefully as the wording, and what you have to do, vary in this type of question. For example, the instructions for the first sample question state:
Write the correct letter, A–I, next to Questions 14–20
So, you must write a letter next to each word in the answer list.
In the second example they state:
Choose FIVE answers from the box and write the correct letters next to questions 11–15.
In this case, you will write your answer on the plan itself.
Very important: Write only the letter (A–I) on the plan. Do not write the word. If you do, your answer will be marked wrong.
So, if answer 11 was ’computers’, your answer would be 11 C, not 11 computers.
Learn as much
as you can about the map or plan from the existing labels, and the words in the
answer list if there is one. Some maps and plans will also have a title which
is another big clue as to the context of the question and what the recording
will be about.
For example, the question in IELTS Listening Sample Test 1 above, has the title ‘Proposed traffic changes in Granford’. Knowing this should bring a few ideas to mind as to the sort of information that will be included in the audio text.
The more familiar you are with the vocabulary and the layout of the graphic, the easier it will be to understand and follow what the speaker says.
If there is no words list, try and predict what type of word the answers will be from the context of the plan or map, for example, is it a room, a building, a street, a feature such as a pond or a facility such as a public toilet.
Generally, the speaker will begin their talk by introducing themselves and the subject or purpose of the talk so this will also help you to understand the context.
One of the skills needed to answer map and plan questions successfully is to be able to visualise what the place being described looks like.
We use maps and plans in everyday life so your brain will already be used to doing this, although you normally do it subconsciously without even thinking about it.
In the precious seconds you have for preparation, imagine that you are standing in the location represented on the graphic. What can you see around you?
For our sample question, imagine that you are at the entrance to the library and then picture yourself walking inside. Note the different rooms you see as identified by the labels on the plan. Try this now.
Even a few seconds spent doing this will help you to follow the information or directions given by the speaker and to identify the correct answers.
You can do a similar visualisation with a map question. Imagine yourself standing at a particular point and picture what you can see around you, noting the different buildings and other features. Try this with the sample question.
The answers will come in the same order in the recording as they are listed in the question so, for our sample question, you'll hear answer 11 first, then answer 12 and so on. This makes it easier to pick out the answers than if they were in a random order.
To do well in map and plan questions, you need to understand the language of location and direction.
Common vocabulary of location:
Common vocabulary of direction:
Knowing this vocabulary is so important to your success that I've written a whole lesson on it. You'll find it here: Map & Plan Vocabulary.
Click the link to learn some key vocabulary you need for your test. The lesson includes 5 maps and plans with sample sentences containing common vocabulary.
In all types of Listening questions, you need to listen out for synonyms and paraphrasing. As you’re listening to the recording, remind yourself that you are not looking for the exact words as in the question but the same meaning.
So, for example, if an answer is ‘reference books’ the speaker might say,
In the corner, next to the history section, you’ll find ten shelves of encyclopedias, dictionaries and directories.
We’ll look at the synonyms and paraphrasing that have been used in our practice question when we review the answers.
The examiners may try and catch you out with distractors. A distractor is a word or a phrase that changes or corrects the original piece of information given. So, you may be given an answer and then have it taken away again.
Here are some sample sentences containing distractors. I’ve highlighted the relevant words.
The use of ‘but’ and ‘however’ are particularly common distractors but there are many different words and phrases that can be used to change or correct a piece of information so be alert for them.
My final tip is to never leave a blank space on the answer sheet. If you miss an answer, take an educated guess. This gives you at least some chance of getting it right. Don’t stress about a missed answer or it will affect your ability to answer the next set of questions. Just make your choice and move on.
It’s now time for you to practice using this strategy on our sample question. Here it is again.
Listen to this
recording and choose the correct answers from the list A–I.
Refer back to the strategy as you need to and when you’ve completed the practice activity, go through the answers below.
Here are the correct answers.
11 H (Reference books)
12 G (Periodicals)
13 D (Local history collection)
14 B (Children’s books)
15 F (Multimedia)
We’ll now look at them
in context and examine the language that's
been used, especially synonyms and paraphrasing.
Answer 11: H (Reference books)
Here’s the sentence
this answer appears in. I’ve also underlined the positional/directional language
used. I’ve included this information for each answer.
Note how much positional/directional language is used in this one sentence. This is why it is so important to develop your knowledge of this type of vocabulary.
Answers 12: G (Periodicals)
Answers 13: D (Local history collection)
is paraphrased in the recording:
Local history collection à collection of books relating to local history
Answers 14: B (Children’s books)
For this answer, synonyms and related words have been used to paraphrase the information.
Children’s books à children's library
Library à collection of stories and picture books
Children à under elevens
Answers 15: F (Multimedia)
If you missed hearing the word ‘multimedia’, you should still have been able to get this answer right by identifying the related words:
videos, DVD’s, CD-Roms, computer
That's all the answer done. If you got any of them wrong, listen to the recording again and see if you can pick them out now that you’re more familiar with the text.
I hope you found working through this IELTS Listening sample test helpful. Now practice using this strategy with other map and plan questions from past papers. It’s only with practice that your skills will improve and you’ll get the score you need in your test.
You'll find lessons on how to answer other types of Listening questions in the menu below.
Want to watch & listen to this lesson?
Click on this video.
IELTS Listening Test – Understand the format & question types. Know what skills are assessed. Also, discover 3 important marking tips.
Listening Strategies – Learn 3 essential listening strategies – question analysis, answer prediction & how to use keyword clues.
Listening Skills – Learn the 4 key listening skills needed for a high score highly. Examples from real questions.
Listening Exercises – 8 listening exercises to help you recognise & learn vocabulary for 6 common topics – time, numbers, prices, dates, letter names & addresses.
The 10 Question Types – Examples of all 10 types of Listening questions. Learn how to recognise & understand them. Links to 10 step-by-step lessons.
Listening Tips – Top 10 tips to bring you success in your Listening test. Essential information you need to know to achieve a high score.
How to Improve Your Listening Skills – 6 simple strategies essential for achieving a high score in the test.
Map & Plan Vocabulary – Learn the vocabulary you need for your test. 5 maps & plans with sample sentences containing common vocabulary of location & direction.
Listening Practice Samples – Short activities to improve your listening skills & help you learn topic vocabulary.
Genuine Full Practice Tests:
All these lessons include IELTS Listening sample test questions for you to learn from.